Cairns

I.
/kɛənz/ (say kairnz)

noun
1. Sir Hugh William Bell, 1896–1952, Australian-born surgeon in London; noted for his work in the field of brain surgery.
2. Jim (James Ford Cairns), 1914–2003, Australian federal Labor politician; regarded as the leader of the Labor Party's left wing in the 1960s and early 1970s.
3. Sir William Wellington, 1828?–88, Irish-born administrator in Australia; governor of Qld 1875–77.
Jim Cairns was elected as federal ALP member for Yarra in 1955. Acknowledged leader of the party's left wing, in 1968 he was narrowly defeated by Gough Whitlam for the party leadership. Cairns headed the Victorian protest against the Vietnam War. He was appointed minister for overseas trade and secondary industry in the Whitlam government of 1972, and in 1974 became deputy prime minister and treasurer. He was dismissed from his post as environment minister in 1975 on the grounds of misleading parliament in the Loans Affair and resigned from his seat in 1977. The appointment in 1974 of Juni Morosi to his personal staff sparked a controversy which lasted until his death.
II.
/kɛənz/ (say kairnz), /kænz/ (say kanz)

noun
a town in north-eastern Qld, on the western shore of Trinity Bay; commercial centre for the surrounding sugarcane district.
{named after William Wellington Cairns1}
Cairns is built on land traditionally inhabited by the Yidiny people. The district was explored in 1873 by George Dalrymple and a settlement at Cairns was established in 1876 as a port for the Hodgkinson River goldfields; however, until the opening of railway links to the hinterland it was rivalled by Port Douglas, to the north. After gold declined, timber, grazing and the sugar industry became more important. The railway from Myola to Cairns opened in 1886, from Mareeba in 1893 and from Herberton in 1910, and Cairns exported timber, tin and sugar from the hinterland as result. The botanic gardens were established in 1886. Cairns became a town in 1903 and a city in 1923. The railway to Brisbane was completed in 1924. During World War II Cairns was an army tropical-training centre and an important naval base. Today it is the commercial centre for the surrounding sugarcane district, and the transport and tourism hub of north Qld, with an international airport since 1984 offering easy access to the Great Barrier Reef, rainforests and the scenic hinterland.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cairns — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cairns Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cairns — Blick auf Cairns vom Mt. Whitfield Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Cairns — (spr. kǟrns), Hugh Mac Calmont, Graf, engl. Staatsmann, geb. im Dezember 1819, gest. 2. April 1885, ward Rechtsanwalt in London und 1852 von der konservativen Partei ins Parlament gewählt. 1856 wurde er zum königlichen Rat, 1858 zum Solicitor… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cairns —   [ keənz], Hafenstadt in Nordqueensland, Australien, 100 900 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; Fremdenverkehrszentrum; Verarbeitung und Ausfuhr landwirtschaftlicher Produkte; Ausfuhrhafen (Erze, Holz); Endpunkt der Küstenbahn von Brisbane,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cairns — a city and port on the north east coast of Australia in the state of Queensland …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Cairns — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cairn (homonymie). Cairns Cairns, vue aérienne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cairns — This interesting surname is of Scottish territorial origin from the lands of Cairns in the parish of Mid Calder, Midlothian. The name derives from the Old Gaelic carn meaning cairn i.e., a pile of stones raised as a boundary marker or a memorial …   Surnames reference

  • Cairns — /kairnz/, n. a seaport in NE Australia. 48,557. * * * ▪ Queensland, Australia       city and port, northeastern Queensland, Australia, on Trinity Inlet of Trinity Bay. Founded in the 1870s as a government customs collection point, it grew in the… …   Universalium

  • Cairns — Original name in latin Cairns Name in other language CNS, Cairns, Kehrns, Kerns, Kernsa, Kernsas, Krnsa, kai en si, karnz, keanzu, keeonseu, knz, kyrnz, kwynzland, Кернс, Кэрнс, State code AU Continent/City Australia/Brisbane longitude 16.92304… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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